Cat behaviour, Intelligence and memory of cats, Cat training
INTELLIGENCE OF CATS - Cats are more intellgent as compared to dogs.The anatomy of brain of cat is very similar to the human brain, whereas the anatomy of brain of a dog is not very similar to human brain.The anatomy of brain of cat is about ninety nine percent similar to human brain. Both cats and human beings have same regions for emotion in their brain. The intelligence of animals depends upon brain weight to body weight ratio and anatomy of their brain. The brain of an adult cat weighs about one percent of its body weight while the brain of an adult human being weighs about two percent of its body weight. The brain weight to body weight ratio in cats is greater in cats as compared to Dogs. The cat has an ample and very advanced cerebral hemisphere, typical of intelligent creatures. Cerebellum is well developed in brain of a cat. Cats are used in scientific research. The biochemistry of behaviour, memory and the emotions can be explored by stimulating or destroying certain areas in cat brains. Cats can distinguish complex shapes. Cats can distinguish complex geometrical shapes such as triangle, circle and square. Cats can distinguish between shapes of letters of alphabets of language. Cats can also distinguish between colours. Cats are used in scientific studies related to vision because cats have more nerve cells in their brain for vision as compared to human beings and all other mammals. Cats have also been used in sleep studies. There are same types of sleep stages in cats and human beings having similar wave patterns. Cats dream in deep sleep stage like human beings. Kittens begin dreaming at just two weeks age. Cats have light sleep and dark sleep stages like human beings.The cats have emotions and feelings like human beings. Cats think and take decisions like human beings. Some pet cats are jealous of other pet animals kept in the same house. Every cat has its different personality like human beings. There are some cats whose psyches are characterized as timid, impudent, obedient, stubborn, tranquil, spiteful, courageous and vile. Cats do very well in psychomatric tests. Cats have excellent observation power. Cats exhibit considerable aptitude for learning by observation and experience. Observation power of cats is greater than any other domestic animal. Memory of cats is sharper than any other animal. Like human beings cats have both long term and short term memory. Cats have excellent memories. The knowledge attained by cat by means of observation, trial and error is retained for whole life. According to the research work done at University of Michigan and the Department of Animal Behaviour at the American Museum of Natural History in USA , memory of cats is about two hundred times more than that of dogs. Memory of cats is found to be more than Monkeys and Chimpanzees.A cat never forget in its life.Cats retain information obtained by means of observation throughout their life.Cats learn by observation, imitation, trial and error just like human beings do. Cats try to keep themselves clean. Cat's are nature's cleanest animals. Cats spend about thirty percent of its life in grooming themselves. Cats are social animals like human beings. Like human beings, different cats have different personalities. Cats are most independent out of all domestic animals.Cats communicate by means of their body language, facial expressions, table gestures, head, eyes, ears, tails, scent glands, trample by paws, salivation and different vocal sounds. The body language of cats is expressed with more than sixty gestures. The Language of cats is universal. For example, dilated pupils of eyes of a cat means fear while partially closed eyes means relaxation. An angry cat will have narrow pupils. Trampling by paws means affection and love. Erect ears of a cat pointing forwards means relaxation while ears folded backwards means warning. Cats knead their paws when they are happy. A cat never meow at another cat because cats use this sound for human beings. Slow calm flaps of tail of a cat means satisfaction while quick swings of tail means warning. Tail of a cat held vertical with its tip stiffly held upright means a very happy cat in greeting mood and a cat exposing its stomach means trust and vunerability. A cat arch its back when it is threatened by another animal. Although the cat is a relatively small animal, it can frighten enemies by arching its back, bristling, and hissing.Cats use about hundred different types of sounds for communication while dogs use only about ten different types of sounds for communication. Researchers have noted some sixteen vocal patterns in cats. The basic cat sounds are purring, meows and hisses. Cats can readily vary these sounds, thus seeming to talk.A cat meeting with another cat can emit more than fifty different sounds for communication which vary in tone from harsh to acute.The cat possesses a sweet sound, the Purr, which it uses to express joy, momentary well being and affection for its owner. It is a musical sound repeated at length when the cat is happy. Purring also occurs in cats that are injured and in pain. Cats can distinguish between shapes of letters of alphabet of language like human beings. Cats can distinguish between complex shapes such as circles, squares, triangles etc. Cats can also distinguish colours. Out of all animals, only cats have the skill of jumping from great heights by rolling their body in air, so that they tend to land on all four feet on the ground, without injuring themselves. Cats survive fall from great heights.A cat named Andy survived fall from 16th floor of a Miami apartment building. Cats have been the subjects in a number of studies involving weightlessness. The studies have shown that under conditions of weightlessness, a cat is unable to right itself, but will float about in any position. Cats seem to defy gravity. A cat can survive fall from height of hundreds of feet. After a fall, a cat always land on its feet on ground. A frightened domestic cat can run at speeds of upto thirty miles per hour. A cat can jump upto seven times its height. Cats are excellent climbers.A cat always hunt alone whereas dogs always hunt in groups because stalking, hiding and pouncing cannot be successful in a group. A kitten at six weeks of age can hunt alone.Cats have fourteen times more smelling power than human beings. Cats mark their territory with the help of scent glands by means of rubbing and scratching. All cats defend their territory and cats does not tolerate competition within its own territory. The territories of cats can be as large as hundred acres or more for rural cats and as small as a few feet for city cats. The territory of cats are the safe places for sleeping, eating, hunting, defecating and playing. Like human beings, cats are territorial by nature. Scent glands are located on various parts of cat's body including their faces, feet and base of their tail. Scent glands contain molecules called Pheromones. By means of rubbing their faces on various objects, cats are releasing Pheromones. Pheromones affect number of behaviours like reproduction and establishing territory. All cats scratch for whole life because scratching removes dead nail material from their claws and establishes their territory by marking with the scent glands at the bottom of their feet.Traning a cat is very easy because cats are very intelligent animals. Cats can learn many activities by observation like human beings. The observation power of cats is greater than all domestic animals.Cats can learn dozens of activities. It is not necessary to train a cat to use litter box because mother cats train their kittens to use litter box. Cats can also be trained for using toilet. A kitten can learn to use toilet at the age of just three weeks. A cat of more than six months age can be easily trained to use toilet.Cats can be trained for walking and dancing with the help of two legs.The earliest written record of a cat dancing with a person dates back from 1692. Cats can be trained for various exercises like aerobics and Yoga.Cats are born meditators. Cats can draw paintings without training. In USA and New Zealand paintings drawn by cat artists are sold in exhibitions. The cats draw paintings since ancient Egyptian times. Some good looking paintings drawn by artist cats are sold for more than ten thousand dollars. A good looking painting drawn by a cat was sold for seventy five thousand dollars.Cats can be trained for playing Piano, violin and other musical instruments. The public houses in which a cat play a violin are known as The Cat And Fiddle. Cats can be trained to walk on a leash. Cats learn many activities by observation. Cats of four to five months old are easiest to train. Cats can learn dozens of activities like handshaking with paw, begging, opening door, turning on lights, jumping through hoop, opening windows, opening refrigerators, playing musical instruments, eating food with the help of their paws, ringing bell, acting dead, rolling on floor on command, hide food in boxes and walking on a leash. Cats quickly learn tricks like fetching a toy or object, sitting on command, jumping through a hoop and walking on a rope. Cats can easily learn many tricks. The cat pays attention to those things that are related to its own interest. Sometimes cats also learn something on their own without observation or training like grabbing doorknobs to get out, hiding food in boxes, opening windows to get in and opening refrigerators to eat food. The cats has an innate sense of curiosity. It is aware of strange objects, contents of an open drawer and objects in motion. The cat or kitten, more than any other animal, is full of trepidations. The cat or kitten first puts a paw toward a new thing, touches it timidly, then proceeds more decisively, and only after that smells it, but the dog or puppy, curious to know the world, smells everything that comes its way. During World War I, cats were sent by the British army to sea to test submarines and some cats were sent to trenches to warn about gas attacks. Cats have the ability to use biological clock, earth's magnetic field and angle of sun. Out of all other mammals only cats have homing instinct. Cats can return back to their owners home from thousands of kilometers away without any help because of its sharp memory. Cats love their owner's home. A cat of USA returned back alone from New York to its owner's new home in California after walking a distance of two thousand three hundred miles without any help. A cat of USA named Sugar returned back alone from California to its owner home in Oklahoma after walking a distance of two thousand and four hundred kilometers without any help.Cats like to play games like chasing light, hide and seek and many ball games. Cats enjoy playing with toys and watching television. Many video cassettes specially designed for cats are now available in the market. The cat toys include action toys, toy mouse, soft toys, Ping-Pong balls, catnip toys, race n'chase, feather toys, kitten mitten and balls.A CD-ROM game for cats that offers the computer literate cat eleven big game options, including virtual mice, spiders and birds that skitter around is now available at the internet site http://www.cyberpounce.com/. Cats are strongly attached to catnip.The catnip is used in making many cat toys.Cats have also been employed in many glamorous jobs. Bob, the weather cat is regular on a television station in Oregon wore sunglasses on bright days and earmuffs and a scarf when the weather turned chilly.The amount of love that a mother cat provides to her kittens is highest as compared to all other animals. The stray female cat is excellent mother. Cat understands when the moment of giving birth is near. When the time of giving birth is near, the female cat begins to appear agitated and meows in a strange way, sweet and musical, a kind of request for help and response to what is approaching. The female cat try to give birth in a corner where she can eventually defend herself and newborn kittens from dogs and other animals. After giving birth the mother cat will immediately free each kitten from the sac, lick it, clean it and gently dry it. After giving birth, the female cat transfer her litter from one hiding place to another in order to protect it from dogs and other animals. The mother cat clean and feed the newborn kittens. The mother cat teach its kittens to play, to hunt, to climb, to clean and to use toilet. When living outdoors, the cat learns to protect itself from the cold and rain by taking refuge in a doorway basement or in abandoned box. When the end of life of cat is near, cat try to find a secluded spot in which to die with dignity, either under a bush, in the trunk of a tree or a crumbled hut so as not to disturb or be disturbed in the moment of the most quiet sleep. Many cats are now working in movies. Morris was the famous cat who worked on television.Toonces, a male cat was so much intelligent that he was able to actually drive car, truck and tractor. Toonces liked to ride bicycle. Toonces was also able to communicate in English by means of typing. Toonces worked in 1988 in NBC's Saturday Night Live in which he actually drove cars. Toonces was one of the most talented cats on television. Toonces worked at Saturday night live with many familiar celebrities. The television parents of Toonces were Saturday Night Live regulars Victoria Jackson and Dana Carvey.Video film of Toonces driving car can be downloaded at the website www.catass.com oonces and at website www.whataboutcats/mpeg_toonces.html. Video film of toonces driving car is now available at http://www.amazon.com/. For more information about Toonces visit website www.wrona.com oonces.html and also visit website www.mavericktimes.com oonces.html . A cat named Pepper was a motion picture cat who starred next to the comedian Charlie Chaplin. Britain's best known television cat was Arthur. Arthur starred in more than three hundred television commercials between 1966 and 1975. Thomas Alva Edison Inc. manufacturing company of scientist Thomas Alva Edison earliest movies showed two cats fighting boxing in a ring. Many cats are now working in movies.According to news in June 2001,a cat named Borris managed to order 450 cans of its favourite food on an internet shopping site when its owner was not looking. According to website of T.V Series of Animal Planet channel of Discovery channel, some cats also enjoy surfing the internet. A software to prevent the use of computer and internet by cats is now available at the website http://www.pawsense.com/ and at the website www.bitboost.com/bb_welcome.html.
About the Author
I am owner and webmaster of webmaster of website http://www.catswelfare.org.I am working in SPCA Mumbai,India for the past seven years.I am also a cat dentist.